Rule of Two


The Rule of Two serves to protect minor athletes in potentially vulnerable situations by ensuring that more than one adult is present. Vulnerable situations can include closed doors meetings, travel, and training environments. Organizations are encouraged to create and implement policies and procedures that limit the instances where these situations are possible.


  1. The Rule of Two states that there will be two screened and Respect in Sport and NCCP trained or certified coaches with an athlete, especially a minor athlete, when in a potentially vulnerable situation. This means that, with the exception of medical emergencies, any one-on-one interaction between a coach and an athlete must take place within earshot and view of a second coaches/team personnel.
  2. A) In the event where screened and NCCP trained or certified coaches are not available, a screened volunteer, parent/guardian/caregiver, or adult can be recruited. In all instances, one coach/volunteer must reflect the genders of the athletes participating or be of an appropriate identity in relation to the athlete(s).
  3. The following diagram depicts the “staircase approach” to the Rule of Two. While the gold standard is the preferred environment, it is not expected that it will be reached at all times. The alternatives presented, although increasing risk, are acceptable and would be considered to be in alignment with the Rule of Two. The one-on-one interaction between a coach and an athlete without another individual present, as depicted at the lowest stair in the diagram, is to be avoided in all circumstances


a) NOT ALLOWED - 1 coach 1 athlete

b) MINIMUM - 1 Coach 2 Athletes

c) BASIC - 1 Trained Coach & 1 Adult

d) GOLD STANDARD - 2 Certified Coaches



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